Infinitive | English Grammar Rules in Hindi

  • Rule-1

जब Infinitive का प्रयोग Verb के बाद Objective की भांति होता है, तब Infinitive के पहले how का प्रयोग होता है (how+Infinitive)

ये Verbs है – decide, discover, ask, inquire, forget, see, learn, know, remember, think, teach, wonder, show, explain.

  1. I know how to drive a car.
  2. You know how to play the Guitar.
  • Rule-2

कुछ Verb/Adjective ऐसे है, जिसके साथ to+V1 का ही प्रयोग करते है Gerund (V4) का नहीं make, bid, behold, dare, hope, agree, decide, desire, want, wish, happy, glad, ready, fail etc.

  1. I hope to see him.
  2. I am ready to start.
  • Rule-3

Had better, had sooner, had rather, would rather, would sooner, would better के बाद बल V1 ही आएगा इन सभी शब्दों के बाद to+V1 या फिर V2/V3/V4 आदि का प्रयोग करके गलती दी जाती है |

  • Incorrect – I made him to run.

  • Correct – I made him run.
  • Incorrect – You had better to consulted the doctor.
  • Correct -You had better consulted the doctor.

Note – यदि see, watch, behold, make, bid, here का प्रयोग Passive में किया गया हो तो उसके बाद to का प्रयोग किया जाएगा |

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